Leibniz: Philosophy and Theodicy

His argument for God, suffering, and his explanation for evil. This article on the philosopher Leibniz provides a short summary of his life, including details of...

Women in Mathematics

A Brief History of Select Female Contributors to Mathematics Until not too long ago, women were discouraged from studying science and mathematics. Even so, there...

Carl Friedrich Gauss

German Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Brief biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss, one of the greatest and most influential mathematicians in history. He made advances in...

What are Vectors and Scalars?

Types of Quantities in Physics Depend on Importance of Direction Physics uses both scalar and vector quantities. Vectors include magnitude and direction; scalars include only...

Understanding Kepler’s First Law

Planetary Motion, Elliptical Orbits, & Understanding the Cosmos Kepler’s first law of planetary motion radically changed our views of the cosmos by saying that planets...