History of the American Heart Association
The American Heart Association, originally founded in 1924 by six cardiologists, is a nonprofit organization with the goal of decreasing heart disease, stroke and cardiovascular disease. It does this by encouraging and funding research and providing information to the public regarding the these diseases. The American Heart Association’s main office is in Dallas, Texas. It has eight other offices in the United States and Puerto Rico. The motto of the organization is “Building healthier lives, free from cardiovascular disease and stroke.” The AHA promotes exercise for fitness and strongly recommends the learning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the taking of first aid courses. One of its recent incentives is called “Be the Beat.” It is targeted for youth between the ages of 12 and 15 in order to educate them about CPR.
The American Heart Association has funded research which encouraged the development of artificial heart valves, bypass surgery, microsurgery and pacemakers. The AHA is active in promoting health through education regarding stopping smoking, controlling one’s blood pressure and weight and eating a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet that promotes heart health.
Who are the Stakeholders in the American Heart Association?
A stakeholder is a person or a group that has an influence on a corporation or that can be affected by the decisions of that corporation. Internal stakeholders are those who are directly employed by or who own the corporation. External stakeholders are those who are otherwise connected to the corporation. Another way to look at it would be to divide the stakeholders into market stakeholders (also known as primary stakeholders) and non-market stakeholders (secondary stakeholders). The market stakeholders have financial dealing with a corporation, whereas the non-market ones do not. In the past few decade, the term stakeholder has been broadened even more to include anyone who has a stake (or an interest) in the corporation and what it does. A stockholder, in contrast, is a person or group that legally owns shares of stock in a corporation.
Current president, Dr. Ralph Sacco
Nancy Brown, CEO
Debra Lockwood, chairperson
William Roach, chairman-elect
Sunder Joshi, CFO
Gordon McCullough, COO
Rose Marie Robertson, chief science officer
Aside from this group that heads the AHA, there are approximately 3,500 full-time or part-time staff employed by the organization. These are the internal stakeholders. There are also more than 22.5 million volunteers who donate their time to the organization. The American Heart Association ranks as a popular nonprofit organization with an annual budget of approximately $700 million. Contributors might also be considered as stakeholders.
In addition to the employees, volunteers and donors who have a direct connection with the American Heart Association, there are other individuals and groups who might be deemed to be stakeholders. These include politicians, physicians, researchers, people who suffer from heart disease or stroke, relatives, neighbors and friends of people who have heart disease or stroke, employers of workers who must take time off from work due to related health concerns, workers compensation insurers, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), people who work in or who own insurance companies and hospitals, ambulance drivers, universities and medical centers, rehabilitation centers, social workers, home care attendants, the media that publicizes the latest research released by the American Heart Association, manufacturers who produce medical supplies, dietitians, gyms and fitness programs, the Nintendo company, tobacco control programs, cigarette companies, kiosks that sell cigarettes, funeral home owners and cemetery workers. Thee persons and groups are all affected by the American Heart Association and its decisions.