Who invented Accupuncture?


Before you opt for the processes related to acupuncture, you need to know how this process was invented and started?

Acupuncture is a medical technique of ancient Eastern origin that uses the insertion of needles to alleviate a variety of ailments, illness, and disorders. Though acupuncture is believed to have been originated in China, it has been practiced for thousands of years in Korea and Japan, as well. The first description of acupuncture was first described in a 4,700-year-old text, Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine.

History of Acupuncture in China

During the Ching dynasty, during the 18th and early 20th century, the popularity of acupuncture experienced a decline as the influence of Western medicine grew stronger. The rise of communism in the late 1920s also perpetuated the decline of acupuncture, as Communist leadership felt that acupuncture was irrational, superstitious, and was in direct opposition to the Communist mission of scientific progress. However, Chairman Mao later supported the use of acupuncture to help keep Chinese troops healthy. He also felt that it was important to keep up the cultural tradition of Chinese medical techniques. In fact, it was incorporated into the science curriculum in the medical schools in the 1050s, and later became known as Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Acupuncture is a 5000-year-old technique. History has given some evidence that the Egyptians have implemented acupuncture as a procedure several years back. If you will look for the history of South African people, then you can find that these people used to scratch their body in order to cure several diseases. On the other hand the Eskimos used to opt for a simple form that is directly related to acupuncture for curing several diseases and offering those people great health.

As per the present scenario, acupuncture as a technique has moved a long way and now in China and Taiwan you can find more than 232,000 traditional Chinese doctors that are involved in practicing acupuncture. For America you can get more than 8000 qualified acupuncturists. In this part of the world you can look for 16 acupuncture schools and two medical schools where students are taking lessons on different acupuncture techniques. Acupuncture as a treatment has long been accepted across the globe when there is a need for finding relaxation.

There is too much disbelief about the starting of acupuncture. But there are few facts that a person needs to know before he/she can move for acupuncture processes in order to draw maximum relaxation. It has been long believe that Doctor Isadore Rosenfeld has popularized acupuncture. He visited China in the year 1978 and witnessed an open-heart surgery there. During this open-heart surgery the Chinese practitioner adopted acupuncture to offer the patient anesthesia. It was a major operation and the patient was awake! Well, no one would believe that but it was happened in China in 1978. For west people it was an amazing fact and no one has ever seen this sort of operation before.

How Does Acupuncture Work?

During an acupuncture session, thin, fine needles are inserted into points of the body called acupuncture points, or acupoints. By doing so, the physiological and emotional health of the body are influenced. A third millenium BCE medical and agricultural scholar, Shen Nung theorized that the body has an energy force that runs through it, known as qi. Qi travels through the body along pathways known as meridians. If the qi is imbalanced or if its travels are disrupted, illness can occur. But Shen Nung postulated that the different meridians would surface at varying points of the body, allowing them to be healed. These points on the acupuncture meridian are the acupoints, where the needles can help balance and restore the natural qi, healing the body.

Acupuncture vs. Western Medicine

The Western approach to medicine is oriented toward treatments that help alleviate symptoms of disease. This approach sees diseases of the mind and body as separate concerns, resulting in a reductionist approach that perceives the body and the mind as two parts of a problem instead of one entity that relies on the healthy function of all parts to be healthy. Chines medicine, on the other hand, is based on a different understanding of the human body. The holistic approach of Chinese medicine focuses less on disease and illness, but on balance and overall mind/body wellness. Instead of illness being focused on one organ, Chinese medicine views illness as a system-wide disorder, treating the entire body.

Acupuncture in Modern Day Practice

Though deeply rooted in ancient medicine, acupuncture as it is used today has expanded considerably. Acupuncture can be used as a form of anesthesia, treatment of arthritis, smoking cessation, and weight loss. Additionally, a new form of acupuncture, called electro-acupuncture is practiced, which involves stimulating the needles with electrical currents during insertion.

Today, acupuncture is practiced not only throughout Asia but throughout the Western world as well, by practitioners who either combine acupuncture with traditional Western methods (in this case, the use of acupuncture is known as a complementary therapy), or those who practice only traditional Chinese techniques.

Because acupuncture uses needles and is considered to be invasive, most localities in the United States have regulations governing the licensing and training of acupuncturists. While licensed acupuncturists do not need a medical license or medical school training, they are required to participate in anywhere from 2,500 to 4,000 hours of training. Then, they must pass an exam by the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. While this test is often required for licensing, some states do not require it. Doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals who engage in acupuncture as a means of complementary treatment also receive training, though it is not nearly as extensive as that of a licensed acupuncturist.

Additional regulations for acupuncture have also been established. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has defined the practice of acupuncture needles as a safe when used by a licensed professional. This includes the type of needle, the size of the needle, the depth the needle is inserted, and how the needles are sterilized. All states which regulate acupuncture require that single-use, pre-sterilized stainless steel needed are used.

According to a survey by the National Health Interview in 2002, 8.2 million Americans have reportedly used acupuncture. As a complementary therapy, it has been used in modern day medicine for controlling pain, anxiety, depression, as well as headaches, arthritis, asthma and back pain. The use of acupuncture has also gained traction with the veterinary professional, being used to treat muscular disorders, as well as nervous conditions, and gastrointestinal disorders.

Though acupuncture has been adopted by many in the medical professional, many Western doctors reject the efficacy of acupuncture. They discount the results that acupuncture brings by arguing that some diseases and conditions will go away on their own, or that they are cyclical. Or, they argue that patients who seek alternative treatment modalities are more likely to invest in their health and well-being, and as a result feel better overall.

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